The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has announced an update on its Artemis program, including the latest Phase 1 plan to land the first woman. With this, the woman will become the second human to land on the surface of the moon in 2024.
Sending woman on the moon is NASA’s part of the challenge to accelerate its exploration plans by more than four years and establish sustainable exploration by the end of the decade. It was in 1972, the first man was sent to the moon.
“With bipartisan support from Congress, our 21st-century push to the Moon is well within America’s reach,” said NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine. “As we’ve solidified more of our exploration plans in recent months, we’ve continued to refine our budget and architecture. We’re going back to the Moon for scientific discovery, economic benefits, and inspiration for a new a generation of explorers. As we build up a sustainable presence, we’re also building momentum toward those first human steps on the Red Planet.”
In its plan, NASA has made various progress like identifying key science, technology, etc. The organisation has also chalked down the commercial and international partnerships that will ensure its ambitious goal to land astronaut on the Moon. The organization has chosen the first two science instrument suites to carry out space weather investigations in lunar orbit before crew visits.
The Artemis Missions
The mission of the Artemis program is to search for the potentially extract, resources such as water that can be converted into other usable resources, including oxygen and fuel. By using the latest landing technologies as well as developing new mobility capabilities, astronauts will travel farther distances and explore new regions of the Moon. The Artemis MissionI will complete in the year 2021 without astronauts and Artemis II will fly with the crew in 2023. In the Phase 1 plan, NASA has made additional details about conducting a new test during the Artemis II mission. As per NASA soon after Orion disconnect from the interim cryogenic propulsion phase, astronauts will manually pilot Orion as they move toward and back away from the stage. This demonstration will assess Orion’s handling qualities other related hardware and software to provide performance that is not possible on the ground to be performed. The demonstration will also help in the undocking operations in lunar orbit beginning on Artemis III. As decided in the year 2024, under Artemis III, the human will land on the surface of the moon. The astronauts will travel about 240,000 miles to lunar orbit abroad Orin after launching on SLS. Over nearly seven days, astronauts, wearing modern spacesuits that allow for greater flexibility and movement will collect samples and conduct a range of science experiments. Using the lander, they will return to lunar orbit before finally going home to Earth aboard Orion.
NASA, an excellent organisation has done a myriad of works and confident that Artemis will clock a healthy growth in the future that will reshape the history.
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