In its revolutionary new scheme, Airbus has finally come out with its three concepts of the first zero emission commercial aircrafts in the whole world. These aircrafts are expected to take flight sometime around the year 2035 and all the three concepts are based on various technological innovations in this field. The main aim behind this action undertaken by Airbus was its drive towards being the first in creating clean air travel by decarbonisation of aircrafts and subsequently the entire aviation industry. Airbus’ leading factor behind this project was the introduction of hydrogen as a clean fuel alternative to previous energy sources in the whole aviation industry. Guillaume Faury, the CEO of Airbus, called the reveal a historic moment for the commercial aviation sector, and rightly so. “ZEROe” the peculiar codename given collectively to the three concepts is used to denote all the ongoing innovations and scientific advances towards the fulfilment of a climate neutral air transport system.
The three ideas include: a turbofan design for 120-200 passengers which is powered by a modified gas-turbine engine and has a range of 2,000+ nautical miles. The second is a turboprop concept which can carry up to 100 passengers at a time for a maximum distance of 1,000 nautical miles. The third blended wing body design has a maximum occupancy of 200 travellers; it is the most versatile concept with wings that amalgamate with the main body and wide fuselage for adjusting hydrogen storage and cabin arrangement. This radical idea has a huge scope of completely transforming the aviation industry and might even reduce carbon emissions up to 50%. One might not notice the ground-breaking reality behind these aircrafts at a single glance, this is because the main dynamic behind their appeal isn’t their bodywork but what’s inside powering up the whole system- it is the fact that these Airbus aircrafts are all hydrogen powered.
Engineers at Airbus are currently working tirelessly to mature and develop its hydrogen technology. Until a few years ago, hydrogen was not even treated as a viable fuel option, however this new announcement and venture by Airbus certainly opens up a number of future possibilities about the usage of this element as a fuel and not just in the aviation business. ZEROe by Airbus are all hydrogen hybrid aircrafts meaning that not only are their engines powered by hydrogen combustion, but they also use it to generate electricity complementary to the gas turbine thereby creating a hybrid-electric propulsion system. Jean Brice, an engineer at Airbus said, “The ZEROe will be the world’s first zero emission commercial aircraft. As an engineer, I can’t think of working on anything more exciting than that.” This ground breaking revelation by Airbus, which combines hydrogen propulsion with its aircrafts with zero-emissions as its aim, has certainly left everyone around the world with something good to look forward to in the near future.
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